What it is?
Service Turnover Tax (STT) is a tax that is levied on the VAT exclusive cost of turnover of any person conducting a business involving the provision of a prescribed service, at the rate of 6%, with effect from 1 August, 2017. Turnover means any sums or amounts received or receivable by or on behalf of the owner of a service in respect of any sums or amounts included in a charge for a prescribed service. The service provider has to collect the STT shown on the bill issued to a customer.
Who should register for STT?
For existing businesses, the owner or person who is responsible for the daily management of a prescribed service (Accountable Person) should register with FRCA once they become liable to register.
For new businesses, the Accountable Person should first obtain a Tax Identification Number (TIN), and then register for STT purposes. Registration must be done within 30 days before the business commences. For STT registration the accountable person will be required to complete the STT registration form. To access the form, you can simply click on the following: IRS020 – Service Turnover Tax Registration. You can also access it on our website or any of our FRCS Customer Service Centres Fiji wide.
Who is the Accountable Person?
“Accountable person” can be any one of the following persons – the owner, manager, sole precedent partner or any person who is responsible for the daily management of the prescribed service.
Deemed STT registration
Any person who should have registered and has not done so, will be deemed to be registered.
Liability to register upon reaching the taxable threshold
For the following prescribed services, registration depends upon a ‘taxable threshold’:
Once the above persons reach the taxable threshold, they should register so that they can start including STT in their service charges. The effective date to start accounting for STT is the month of registration.
Services subject to STT
|Service provider||Services subject to STT|
|1.||Licensed hotels||Accommodation, refreshments and any other services.|
|2.||Tourist vessels operating within Fiji waters||Accommodation, refreshments and any other services provided on board.|
|3.||Licensed bars||Meals, beverages and any other services provided in a licensed bar. This includes licensed bars located, for example, in private clubs.|
|4.||Licensed Nightclub||Services such as music, dancing or other entertainment including other services|
|5.||Inbound tour operators||Travel, tour and sight-seeing services.|
|6.||Organizers of entertainment programs /product exhibitions||Entry fees to the events venue.|
|7.||Recreational Activity operators||Recreational activities provided by these operators E.g. Skydiving|
|8.||Cinema Operators||Entry fees and all services provided within the cinema premises.|
|9.||Licensed Rental/hire car operators||With effect from 01/01/15 any hire of chauffeur driven motor vehicles. This applies to motor vehicles that –
Includes vehicles with ‘LH’ license plates. it
It does not include the hire of taxis
Hire of rental cars and other transport services by a rental car operator
|10.||Bistros and coffee shops||Meals, beverages and other services. This only applies to service providers with a gross turnover of over $1.25 million dollars|
|11.||Licensed Restaurants||Meals, beverages and other services. This only applies in licensed restaurants with an annual gross turnover of over $1.25 million dollars.|
|12.||Aircraft operators||This applies to charter flight services except for charter flights for medical or natural disaster relief evacuations services are not subject to STT.|
|13.||Water sports operators||All water sports activities including river safaris.|
|14.||Home stay operators||Accommodation and other services provided in a private residence or property that accommodates tourists, international students or overseas visitors who are paying guests. It does not apply to hostels/accommodation operated by public educational institutions.|
|15.||Unlicensed service operators||If a service provider is not licensed but meets the registration requirements and, it will be required to register and charge STT on the services provided.|
Who is responsible for collecting STT?
The Accountable person must account for STT collected and any correspondence or queries on STT will be sent to him/her.
Accounting for STT
The Accountable person must account for STT in monthly returns. A STT return should be completed and submitted with a cheque /cash for the STT applicable on the turnover for that month by the end of following month. The forms are available on our website and Customer Service Centre.
The Accountable Person may issue bills that are STT inclusive or STT/VAT inclusive or separately depending on the record keeping system adopted. However, adequate records must be kept for audit purposes.
Record Keeping (Section 34 of TAD 2009)
The courts can impose a maximum fine of FJ$15,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or to both a fine and imprisonment for the following offences:
The courts can impose a maximum fine of FJ$25,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 24 months or to both a fine and imprisonment for the following offences:
• failure to allow authorized tax officials from entering the hotel premises to inspect turnover, collection or payment records
• making false or misleading statements
Guidelines for calculating STT
The two tables below show how the gross amount paid by a hotel guest should be calculated if a hotel owner is registered for STT and VAT purposes.
Table 1 [manual records]
|No.||Transaction Type||Charges (VEP)||STT (6%)||ECAL (10%)||VAT (9%)||Total|
Table 2 [system-based records]
|No.||Transaction Type||Charges (VIP)||VAT (9%)||Charges (VEP)||STT(6%)||ECAL (10%)||Total|
The table below shows how the gross amount paid by a hotel guest is calculated where the hotel owner is not registered for VAT.
Table 3 [when service provider is not registered for VAT]
|No.||Transaction Type||Charges (VEP)||STT(6%)||ECAL(10%)||Total|
Transitional STT and VAT
For more information, please call Mr. Esala Vukinavanua on 3243504 or Mr Noa Rokona on 3243595 or email firstname.lastname@example.org, or you can visit any of our Fiji Revenue and Customs Offices nearest to you.
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